Sometimes, everyone feels worried, but some people have a stronger and more lasting worry called anxiety disorders. It makes them really scared and tense. Anxiety disorders can make it hard to do daily things and can even affect their family, friends, and work. About 4% of people worldwide have an anxiety disorder, and in 2019, 301 million people had one, making it the most common mental health issue. Even though treatments work well, only about 1 in 4 people with anxiety gets help. This is because some don’t know it’s treatable, there aren’t enough mental health services, not enough trained doctors, and some people still feel embarrassed about it.
Symptoms and Patterns:
People with anxiety disorders can worry a lot about different things for months. They often avoid what makes them anxious. They might also have trouble concentrating, feel angry, sick, have a fast heartbeat, sweat, shake, can’t sleep, and feel like something bad is about to happen. Anxiety can also lead to depression, using drugs, or even thinking about hurting themselves. There are different types of anxiety disorders, like being worried all the time (generalized anxiety), having sudden intense fear (panic), being very shy (social anxiety), and more. Some people have more than one at once, and it often starts when they’re young.
Causes and Prevention:
Anxiety happens because of a mix of things like life experiences and how our bodies work. Anyone can get anxiety, but it’s more likely if you’ve had a tough life. Anxiety is also linked to physical problems, like heart issues. To prevent anxiety, parents and schools can teach kids how to handle their feelings, and exercise can help adults.
Diagnosis and Treatment:
There are good treatments for anxiety. People with anxiety should get help. Talking to a therapist (a professional who listens and helps) is a big part of treatment. They can teach new ways to deal with anxiety and face what scares you. You can see them in person or even online, or use self-help tools like books or apps. Some medicines can help too, but they might have side effects, so it’s essential to talk to a doctor.
You can also help yourself by avoiding alcohol and drugs, exercising, eating well, and learning to relax and focus on the moment.
What WHO Does:
The World Health Organization (WHO) has a plan to help people with mental health problems, including anxiety. They have programs for regular health workers to help with mental health issues. They also have books and courses to teach skills that reduce anxiety and stress.
Image Source: https://www.lvhn.org/news/what-generalized-anxiety-disorder